PST Information Center

Washington - Physical Ability Test Requirements

Applicants for the position of police officer/deputy sheriff must successfully complete the following Physical Fitness Ability Test (PFAT)*. This is the same test that is required for entrance into the Basic Law Enforcement Academy.

  • A maximum of 200 points is possible.
  • A minimum of 30 points is required for each individual PFAT event. You must successfully pass each event.
  • A minimum of 160 total points is required to pass the PFAT
Note: It is possible to pass each event yet fail the overall physical ability test.
e.g., 30 points minimum in each event X 4 events = 120 total points; 160 total points are needed to pass the test.

The PFAT will be typically administered in the following order: 

  1. 300 Meter Run
  2. Push-Ups (re-test allowed)
  3. Sit-Ups (re-test allowed)
  4. 1.5 Mile Run/Walk

If you do not pass your physical ability test, you have one (1) retest opportunity to pass a physical ability test within 90 days from your written exam date. Physical ability retest fee: $35. 

Physical Ability Test Video

The Washington State Criminal Justice Training Commission physical ability test video: PFAT Video

Physical Ability Test Events

Event #1 - 300 Meter Run

The 300-meter run measures your anaerobic power. You must complete the run without any help. Your goal is to run the distance as quickly as possible. You must run to and through the finish line.

Same Day Retest
This event does not allow a same-day retest.

Time in SecondsPoints
56.0 or less 50.00
56.5 49.30
57.0 48.67
57.5 48.00
58.0 47.34
58.5 46.67
59.0 46.00
59.5 45.33
60.0 44.67
60.5 44.00
61.0 43.33
61.5 42.67
62.0 42.00
62.5 41.33
63.0 40.67
63.5 40.00
Time in SecondsPoints
64.0 39.33
64.5 38.66
65.0 38.00
65.5 37.33
66.0 36.66
66.5 36.00
67.0 35.33
67.5 34.66
68.0 34.00
68.5 33.33
69.0 32.66
69.5 32.00
70.0 31.33
70.5 30.66
71.0 30.00
> 71.0 00.00

Event #2 - Maximum Push-Up Test

This push-up test measures the muscular strength and endurance of the upper body.

Place your hands on the ground so they are in a vertical line with your shoulders, approximately 1 - 1.5 shoulder widths apart. Your feet may be together, or up to 12 inches apart. Your body should be in a straight line from the shoulders to the ankles, and must remain that way throughout the exercise. Lower your body by bending your elbows until your upper arms are parallel to the ground and you touch and slightly compress the 4-inch foam block held under your chest.

Your examiner will tell you when you have gone low enough. Return to the starting position by completely straightening your arms. You may only rest in the up position. If you fail to: keep your body in a straight line; touch your chest to the foam block; or lock your arms in the up position, you will receive a warning. After one warning, incorrect repetitions will not count.

There is no time limit. Do as many correct push-ups as possible. Your score is the number of correct repetitions.

Same Day Retest
If you fail this event at your first attempt, you may re-test immediately following the completion of all four events.

# Of Repetitions Points
35 50
34 48.62
33 47.19
32 45.76
31 44.33
30 42.90
29 41.47
28 40.04
27 38.61
26 37.18
25 35.75
24 34.32
23 32.89
22 31.46
21 30.00
20 or less 00.00

Event #3 - One Minute Sit-Up Test

The one-minute sit-up test measures muscular strength and endurance of the abdominal muscles.

Lie on your back with your knees bent at 90 degrees or tighter with your heels on the edge of the mat. Your feet may be together or apart, but the heels must stay in contact with the floor. Your partner will sit on your feet and wrap their arms around your calf muscle area. It is your responsibility to inform your partner of any adjustments that need to be made in order to assure your comfort. Your fingers must stay interlocked behind your head throughout the event. If your little fingers are not touching, that is considered "apart" and such performance will not be counted. Lift your body by bending at the waist. Touch your elbows to your knees, and return to the starting position. When returning to the starting position, your fingers must touch the examiner's hand on the mat.

You may rest only in the up position. Do not arch your back or lift your buttocks from the mat. If you fail to: keep your fingers interlocked, touch your elbows to your knees or your fingers to the examiner's hand, or lift your buttocks off the mat, you will receive one warning. After one warning, incorrect repetitions will not count.

You will have one minute to do as many sit-ups as possible. Your score is the total number of correct sit-ups.

Same Day Retest
If you fail this event at your first attempt, you may re-test immediately following the completion of all four events.

# Of RepetitionsPoints
38 50
37 47.625
36 45.250
35 42.875
34 40.500
33 38.125
32 35.750
31 33.375
30 30.000
29 or less 00.000

Event #4 - 1.5 Mile Run / Walk Test

The 1.5 mile run /walk test measures cardio-respiratory endurance, and endurance of your leg muscles. You must complete the course without any help. Your goal is to finish the 1.5 miles in as fast a time as possible. Try not to start too fast, but maintain a pace you can sustain for about 10 to 15 minutes. You may walk, but walking will make it difficult to meet the minimum passing score. You may run alongside another runner for help with pacing, but you may not physically assist or be assisted by anyone.

Same Day Retest
This event does not allow a same-day retest.

Time Points
13:35 or less 50.000
13:36 49.635
13:37 49.278
13:38 48.921
13:39 48.564
13:40 48.207
13:41 47.850
13:42 47.493
13:43 47.136
13:44 46.779
13:45 46.422
13:46 46.065
13:47 45.708
13:48 45.351
13:49 44.994
Time Points
13:50 44.637
13:51 44.280
13:52 43.923
13:53 43.566
13:54 43.209
13:55 42.852
13:56 42.495
13:57 42.138
13:58 41.781
13:59 41.424
14:00 41.067
14:01 40.710
14:02 40.353
14:03 39.996
14:04 39.639
Time Points
14:05 39.282
14:06 38.925
14:07 38.568
14:08 38.211
14:09 37.854
14:10 37.497
14:11 37.140
14:12 36.783
14:13 36.426
14:14 36.069
14:15 35.712
14:16 35.355
14:17 34.998
14:18 34.641
14:19 34.284
Time Points
14:20 33.927
14:21 33.570
14:22 33.213
14:23 32.856
14:24 32.499
14:25 32.142
14:26 31.785
14:27 31.428
14:28 31.071
14:29 30.714
14:30 30.357
14:31 30
> 14:31 00.000

Preparing For The Fitness Ability Test

The physical ability test is about the only “open book” part of the testing process – there is really no excuse for not being prepared! Proper preparation is critical. The Criminal Justice Training Commission offers advice/suggestion on preparing for the physical ability test. 

Before beginning a physical exercise program it is strongly recommended that you be cleared by a doctor to undertake such a program. Individuals 40 years of age or older should not begin a program until they have been cleared by a doctor.

Whereas many training routines can be used to improve performance in the Fitness Ability Test, participants should keep in mind that physical training is specific. That is, one improves in those activities that are practiced. If one wishes to optimize push-up performance, push-ups should be included in the training program. Many other exercises can also be included to strengthen the chest, shoulders and arms, but push-ups should be included in the routine.

Ideally, muscles and the cardiovascular system should be gradually and progressively trained over several weeks or months to achieve desired fitness gains. Physical adaptations occur gradually in response to regular, consistent overloads, i.e. doing more than your body is accustomed to doing.  It is important to bear in mind that every individual adapts at a different rate- a stimulus resulting in an appropriate, moderate overload to one person may be too much or too little for another person. A participant who has been inactive for a significant period of time should plan to take six to twelve weeks to train for the Fitness Ability Test.

The training routine should include exercises to train upper body strength and muscular endurance, abdominal muscular endurance, leg power, cardio-respiratory endurance and anaerobic power. Strength and cardio-respiratory endurance activities should be performed about every other day, or three days per week, to allow adequate recovery and positive adaptations to occur. Anaerobic (high intensity) training should be done once or twice per week, and can be performed in lieu of a cardio-respiratory training session. For flexibility enhancement, good back health, and injury prevention, stretching exercises should be performed before and especially after training sessions, as well as on days off.

The following program is progressive to allow the body time to adapt and build up. It is assumed that the applicant will begin this program at least 12 weeks in advance of the test date.

Delayed muscle soreness, 24-48 hours post exercise, may occur as a result of any new exercise program. This soreness should only be mild in nature and should dissipate prior to the next scheduled exercise session.

If significant or severe soreness exists, the subject exercised too hard and therefore should not perform any exercise, other than stretching, that stresses the affected area until all soreness has disappeared completely.

Remember that this program is designed to build a person up, not tear him/her down. Subjects should pay close attention to their body for any indication of injury or over-use.

1. Conditioning Program for the Push-up Test

Determine exercise level by measuring how many pushups the subject can complete in 60 seconds.

When performing pushups, be sure the subject continues until muscular failure occurs in the straight-knee position and then continues until failure occurs in the bent-knee position.

  • If the total number is 15 or less, begin at level A.
  • If the subject's total number is greater than 15, begin at level B.

Subject should work toward reaching level C below.

  • Level A - 1 set 3 times a week for 1 week
  • Level B - 2 sets 3 times a week for 2 weeks
  • Level C - 3 sets 3 times a week until testing

2. Conditioning Program for the One-Minute Sit-up Test 

Determine exercise level by measuring how many sit-ups the subject can complete in 60 seconds.

  • If the subject's total number is 15 or less, begin at level A.
  • If the subject's total number is greater than 15, begin at level B.

Subject should work toward reaching level C below.

  • Level A - 1 set 3 times a week for 1 week
  • Level B - 2 sets 3 times a week for 2 weeks
  • Level C - 3 sets 3 times a week until testing

When training for sit-ups, be sure the subject continues until muscular failure occurs and then continues with his/her hands by the hips until muscular failure occurs again.

3. Conditioning for the 1.5 Mile Run 

Listed below is a very gradual training schedule that will allow the subject to work at maximum effort in the 1.5 mile run.  Generally, it is recommended that the subject reach a training distance that is twice the testing level.

Week Activity Distance Time (minutes) Frequency
1 Walk 1 mile 20 - 17 5 / Week
2 Walk 1.5 mile 29 - 25 5 / Week
3 Walk 2 Miles 35 - 32 5 / Week
4 Walk 2 Miles 30 - 28 5 / Week
5 Walk / Jog 2 Miles 27 5 / Week
Begin sprint training
6 Walk / Jog 2 Miles 26 5 / Week
7 Walk / Jog 2 Miles 25 5 / Week
8 Walk / Jog 2 Miles 24 5 / Week
9 Jog 2 Miles 23 4 / Week
10 Jog 2 Miles 22 4 / Week
11 Jog 2 Miles 21 4 / Week
12 Jog 2 Miles 20 4 / Week
13 Jog 2.25 Miles 22 - 23 4 / Week
14 Jog 2.5 Miles 24 - 25 4 / Week
15 Jog 2.75 Miles 26 - 27 3-4 / Week
16 Jog 3 Miles 28 - 30 3-4 / Week

Subjects should continue to increase speed and decrease time for completion of a 3-mile jog 3 times per week with a maximal speed 1.5 mile run 1 day per week.

If the subject is able to adapt and advance more quickly than the schedule recommends, he/she should do so. However, be sure that the subject's exercise program does not cause any undue muscle soreness or strain. Subjects may also use their sprint training as part of their distance training program.

4. Conditioning for the 300 Meter Run 

Listed below is a very gradual training schedule that will allow the subject to work at maximum effort in the 300 meter sprint/run. Generally, it is recommended that the subject reach a training pace that is at the testing level.

Subjects must run 1-3 time trials to determine their current ability; the training percentage (pace) can then be calculated from that time. Retest at 3-4 week intervals. Distances run here can be combined with endurance training. A rest period between sprints of 30 - 90 seconds is recommended to maximize sprint training.

WeekActivityDistanceRepititionsFrequency
The participant should not engage in sprint training until the level below is reached and there has been at least one month of jogging training.
5 50% Sprint 100 M 10 2 / Week
6 50% Sprint 100 M 15 2 / Week
7 50% Sprint 200 M 10 2 / Week
8 50% Sprint 100M / 200M 5 / 5 2-3 / Week
9 50% Sprint 100M / 200M 10 / 5 2-3 / Week
10 50% Sprint 200M 15 of each 2 / Week
11 70% Sprint 200M 10 of each 3 / Week
12 70% Sprint 300M 5 3 / Week
13 70% Sprint 300M 5 3 / Week
14 80% Sprint 300M 5 3 / Week
15 100% Sprint 300M 5 3 / Week
16 100% Sprint 300M 5 3 / Week

If the subject is able to adapt and advance more quickly than the schedule recommends, he/she should do so. However, be sure that the subject's exercise program does not cause any undue muscle soreness or strain.


* There are a few positions that require only the written exam – they do not require a physical ability test:

  • East Wenatchee PD - Lateral (experienced officer)
  • Orting PD - Lateral (experienced officer)
  • Port Townsend Police Department – Lateral (experienced officer)
  • Prosser Police Department (experienced officer)
  • Ruston Police Department - LATERAL (experienced officer)